Building Information Modeling (BIM) software is closely related to computer-aided design (CAD) software and is generally used within the construction and architecture industries. It is a model-based process for designing and managing building construction and infrastructures. BIM software is used for planning, designing, constructing, operating, and maintaining building construction and other physical infrastructures. The software is used by individuals, businesses, and government agencies.
BIM includes the generation and management of digital representations of physical and functional characteristics of a facility or building place. This process is assisted by various tools, technologies, systems, and contracts. BIM is a computer file that can be extracted, replaced, or networked to support decision-making relating to a built asset.
Designers use BIM objects to increase the overall look and feel of architectural design and accelerate the design time by selecting from premade designs. Usually, the designers will download 3D BIM objects from the BIM object platform and then place them directly into building information modeling software.
Numerous BIM products offer libraries and other functions targeted specifically toward construction and architectural applications, including mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP). The BIM object libraries allow users to see 3D BIM objects and integrate them into architectural designs. BIM objects can range from fixed geometrical shapes, such as windows and doors, to building objects, such as carpets, roofing, and walls.
Superior BIM objects support projects throughout their lifecycle and ensure data-rich information is always within reach of project executives and their clients. With superior BIM objects, users do not need to go on tedious research expeditions in search of crucial data, such as dimensions, model numbers, colors, and warranty details. The data-rich BIM objects enable the easy fulfillment of project specifications and provide rich information that removes the need for low-quality substitutions.
The BIM software function extends to more than just geometry; it covers spatial relationships, geospatial information, and quantities and properties of building components. BIM drives a wide range of collaborative processes related to a built asset, from the initial planning and designing of a construction project to the building life cycle. The supporting processes of building lifecycle management consider cost management, construction management, project management, and facility operation and application in green buildings.
BIM is a comparatively new technology that is expected to play a more important role in building documentation. The best BIM objects offers an improved visualization, increased productivity due to easy recovery of information and speed of delivery, reduced costs, improved coordination of construction documents, and easy connectivity of crucial information, such as vendors for specific materials, location details, and quantities required for estimation and tendering.
BIM software in construction design
BIM also comprises the data needed for building performance analysis. BIM can automatically create the input file for building performance simulation and help save a fairly large amount of time and effort. The automation process will reduce errors and mismatches in the building performance simulation process.
The construction process is constantly changing to deliver successful projects in spite of low budgets, limited manpower, faster schedules, and limited or conflicting information. BIM helps in such significant disciplines by identifying the exact location of discrepancies.
BIM conceives virtual construction of a site prior to its actual physical construction in order to minimize uncertainness, increase safety, solve problems, and study potential impacts. BIM software help sub-contractors to enter vital information into the model before starting the construction. This will assist them to pre-fabricate and pre-assemble systems which are located away from the site. BIM helps to reduce on-site wastes and ensures that the products are delivered on a just-in-time basis rather than being stacked on-site. The shared properties of materials and quantities can be extracted easily, and the scope of work to every individual can be isolated and defined.
BIM software obstructs mistakes by enabling conflict or clash detection structure, through which the computer model visually highlights to the team where parts of the building may wrongly cross the point. The assemblies, systems, and sequences can be shown proportionally with the entire facility or group of facilities.