The government and defense industry includes all the government organizations, agencies, and the defense sector as well. Factors such as the growing demand for government initiatives to innovate and enhance operations and security are expected to fuel the demand for biometrics-as-a-service offerings. Thus, the government organizations are starting to adopt biometric recognition technologies that replace traditional usernames and passwords to provide increased security for enhanced consumer experiences and transactions. They need a range of solutions including, IDs, biometric database tools, and desktop security. The common application of biometrics technology in government agencies include border control, law enforcement, and civil identity. Biometric technologies are also used by the election administration to reduce fake or bogus voting. The use of biometric technology in the election administration not only resolves the problems of voter duplication, voter fraud but also restores political stability in the country by preventing voter duplication. Moreover, the military and defense sector is a highly information-sensitive area. The access to privileged data has to be limited and highly accurate authentication procedures need to be incorporated. Thus, security, data privacy, and portability are the key factors that drive the biometric system market in the military and defense sector.